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  SQL Server Tips by Burleson

Ideas to prevent SQL injection

By doubling single quotes and removing some dangerous characters it might be possible to deter most SQL injection attacks but there will be no record of the attacks. It is better to know when and how an attack occurred and maybe store some info about the attacker, certainly the IP address. By doubling the single quotes it is possible to end up with strings longer than the destination field, truncating the string seems reasonable but it is still vulnerable as we will examine.

Adding a few lines in “logon.asp”, after reading the input:

StrLogName=replace(StrLogName, "'", "''")'double single quotes
StrPassword=replace(StrPassword, "'", "''")
StrLogName=left(StrLogName,10)'trunc extra characters

Trying one attack:

'OR 1=1-- a

SELECT username from Table_users WHERE logname='''OR 1=1--' AND userpassword='a'
User not authenticated!

That worked ok. Knowing that the string will be truncated to 10 characters, the attacker might create strings that will contain a single quote at the end that will be doubled but only one single quote will remain, afterwards.

This is a possible situation:

123456789' 'OR 1=1--

SELECT username from Table_users WHERE logname='123456789'' AND userpassword='''OR 1=1--'
Welcome Ed min!

Removing the comment tokens would solve this problem but there are still workarounds:

123456789' ' or '='

SELECT username from Table_users WHERE logname='123456789'' AND userpassword=''' or ''=''
Welcome Ed min!

Removing the single quote if there is only one on the rightmost character wouldn’t work because more than one single quote could be inserted in the input like this:

123456789' 'or'<''

SELECT username from Table_users WHERE logname='123456789'' AND userpassword='''or''<''''

To avoid this it is better to verify the length of the input and, if it is the maximum allowed, then check the rightmost character. If this character is a single quote, then remove it, if the new rightmost character is a single quote, remove it too, and so forth.

The above book excerpt is from:

Super SQL Server Systems
Turbocharge Database Performance with C++ External Procedures

ISBN: 0-9761573-2-2
Joseph Gama, P. J. Naughter  

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